DDP Annual Report 2023 – AFOLU

The agriculture, forestry, and land use sector contribute 22-34% of global greenhouse gas emissions while facing climate, biodiversity crises, and food insecurity. Vulnerable to climate change, it risks reduced yields, biodiversity loss, and desertification. Employing billions globally, it’s pivotal for food security but fails to provide healthy diets. Transforming this sector necessitates systemic changes, including ecosystem preservation, agricultural practice transformations, and addressing food waste. Despite insufficient progress, increasing long-term ambition and accelerating immediate actions are crucial to achieve global targets. Analyzing cases like Brazil, Colombia, India, Indonesia, and Senegal, the chapter highlights the need for international cooperation to drive necessary transformations.

DDP Annual Report 2023 – Freight

Transport contributes around 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions, with freight accounting for 40% of these emissions, and its growth is outpacing other sectors. Current strategies for freight decarbonization are insufficient, focusing primarily on technological advancements rather than needed organizational changes. The IPCC emphasizes that achieving carbon neutrality requires significant systemic transitions, including both technological and organizational shifts in the transport sector. This shift involves reducing tonnes transported, kilometers traveled, and the dominance of road freight through organizational changes, alongside expanding low-carbon alternatives. The chapters details examples from the Deep Decarbonization Pathways network illustrating potential organizational changes based on national analyses for emissions reduction in the freight sector.

DDP Annual Report 2023 – STEEL

The DDP’s research identified sectors feasible for economic decarbonization pre-COP21. While most sectors could decarbonize via clean electrification and fuel switching, industry posed a challenge due to hard-to-electrify processes. Recent advancements show the potential for deep decarbonization in steel production using hydrogen-based technology, notably seen in the EU’s successful policy measures. However, global cooperation remains lacking.

GST Africa

This project aims at equipping in-country teams in Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Equateur, Mexico and Peru with tools and methodologies for the elaboration of decarbonisation pathways. Based on the expanded capacity, the secondary objective is to initiate and facilitate exchange of knowledge between researchers and decision-makers, so that the conclusions of long-term analysis are embraced in short-term policy, including in the revision of NDCs.
It is supported by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and the 2050 Pathways Platform.


The IMAGINE project aims to enhance the 2023 Global Stocktake by synthesizing existing knowledge and generating new assessments. It seeks to accelerate climate action at national and global levels by improving modeling capacity in seven countries, crafting transformative national scenarios, and engaging policymakers. The project involves 14 institutions, collaborating on modeling, policy expertise, and international teamwork. The project, funded by the European Commission, is led by IDDRI and includes institutions like Climate Analytics, CIRED, GAEL, BC3, and SDSN.

DDP in Africa

The DDP-Africa initiative is a national research and capacity building project for the implementation of a Deep Decarbonization Pathway (DDP) Programme in Africa, coordinated by IDDRI. It is developed under the framework of the 2050 Facility funded by the Agence Française de Dévelopment (AFD) and currently operates in Nigeria and Senegal.
It is supported by the Federal Ministry of Environment (Nigeria) and the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and by the Ministry of Petroleum and of the Energy (Senegal).


This project, which is conducted with teams from Brazil and Mexico in collaboration with ACT – Assessing Low-Carbon Transition, aims at developing a methodology to build, evaluate and monitor decarbonisation strategies at the company level.

ACT is a joint initiative of the Carbon Disclosure Project and of the French Energy Agency (ADEME). The DDP ACT project it is supported by the French Fund for the Global Environment (FFEM).

International climate governance

DDP enhances global climate governance, aligns with Paris Agreement goals. Engages with UNFCCC, fosters international cooperation for ambitious national actions. Emphasizes bottom-up approach, aligns international processes to address country-specific needs, bridges UNFCCC with other global forums for effective global decarbonization.

Sectoral transformations

Focused on decarbonizing shipping and steel sectors for Paris Agreement goals. Emphasizes addressing demand side in shipping and promoting green iron trade for sectoral transformations. Engages in research, policy papers, and dialogues with stakeholders for global decarbonization strategies in maritime transport and steel manufacturing.

Paradigm Shift in Finance

Urgent need for finance paradigm shift in climate action. Just Energy Transition Partnerships (JETPs) aid global south countries’ shift to clean energy while addressing social justice. Focus on country-driven finance, global cooperation, and key activities to strengthen JETPs, involving ministries of finance and international fora.